Eventually, all areas east of the Rhine were lost during Homburg single major political and economic crisis of the mid-3rd century. The reconstructed fort is based on that third and last architectural phase, but reminders of the second phase are visible in the retentura the back of the fort.
For the general arrangement and terminology of Roman fort architecture, see Castra. Thus, the Saalburg is a good starting point for further exploration of the limes.
Shortly after the two enclosures, around AD 90, a simple wood-and-earth fort was built to house a numerus. Vicus[ edit ] Main gate — foundations and basements of the vicus visible on the left The Saalburg is not only the most consistently reconstructed limes fort, it is also the only one to have had its vicus adjacent civilian settlement partially excavated and preserved.
After the abandonment of the Upper Germanic Limes, the fort was used as a quarry. Surroundings[ edit ] Reconstruction of the limes north of the Saalburg.
The Saalburgmuseum regularly organises colloquia and has its own series of academic publications. Archaeologists assume that the overall complex fort and vicus housed a population of up to 2, soldiers, 1, civilians. The fort existed in that form and with that occupancy until the fall of the German limes in c.
In the course of this Homburg single project, not completed for decades, intensive exploration of the Saalburg and its surroundings was pursued by the archaeologists charged with this stretch of the limes, Louis Jacobi — and his son and successor Heinrich Jacobi — Part of the second-phase defensive ditch has also been restored and can be inspected there.
The parts of the vicus visible today are located mostly to the south of the fort, on both sides of the road that linked it with Nida, the regional capital and base of further garrison behind the border. The complex was heated from the praefurnia firing places ; and all rooms except the apodyterium and frigidarium were served by a hypocaust system underfloor and wall heating.
A numerus was a unit of auxiliary troops consisting of 2 centuriae and numbering about men. Saalburg Museum[ edit ] The horreum grain store now houses the museum. Although the Saalburg is known mainly as an archaeological park and museum, it also serves a number of scientific functions less obvious to the visitor.
Ditch and bank are distinctly visible for long stretches, and many of the former watch towers have been partially preserved or are visible as small mounds. The corners were rounded and not crowned with towers, but all four gates were flanked by two towers each.
Location[ edit ] Since prehistoric timestrade routes like the Lindenweg or Linienweg connected the Rhine-Main plain with the Usingen basin, which had been a centre of population since the Neolithic.
The heart of the centre is a specialised library of 30, volumes and 2, slides. The village begins immediately outside the main gate, where the ruins of a mansio an official hostel and, behind it, of a bath for the soldiers were found.
Already aroundthe Alemanni Homburg single Roman territory again; further major incursions took place in and Current local time in Germany – Saarland – Homburg (Saar).
Get Homburg (Saar)'s weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Explore Homburg (Saar)'s sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. The Saalburg is a Roman fort located on the main ridge of the Taunus, northwest of Bad Homburg, Hesse, ultimedescente.com is a cohort fort, part of the Limes Germanicus, the Roman linear border fortification of the German ultimedescente.com Saalburg, located just off the main road roughly halfway between Bad Homburg and Wehrheim is the most completely reconstructed Roman fort in Germany.
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